SHIN PAIN AND SHIN SPLINTS

Shin pain and shin splints are often described as a “Bursting or dull throbbing along the front of the shin that is aggravated by walking or running.”

This is caused by excessive rolling in of the feet (pronation). The muscles of the shin and the lower limb attempt to correct this over pronation and quickly become overworked. This leads to a busting type pain in the muscle bellies and long standing tenderness in the attachment sites of the muscles of the shin.

Docpods help to prevent shin pain through limiting the amount of pronation. This helps to rest the muscles of the shin and keep their workload within normal limits.

SHIN PAIN AND SHIN SPLINTS EXPLAINED

What are Shin Splints?

Shin splints are the name commonly given to the group of conditions that cause pain in region of the tibia (shin bone). The lower leg pain resulting from shin splints is caused by very small tears in the leg muscles at their point of attachment to the shin. There are two types:

  1. Anterior shin splints occur in the front portion of the shin bone (tibia).
  2. Posterior shin splints occur on the inside (medial) part of the leg along the tibia.

Anterior shin splints are due to muscle imbalances, insufficient shock absorption or toe running. Excessive pronation (rolling in) contributes to both anterior and posterior shin splints.

What Causes Shin Splints?

Mechanical abnormalities of the bones of the foot can cause over pronation. Over time, with the repetitive motions of walking and running, this strains some of the muscles of the calf (the soleus and tibialis posterior) that function to slow this rolling. The soleus and tibialis posterior muscles pull on the backside of the tibia where they attach. Eventually this causes inflammation in the outer layer of the bone, called the periosteum. This is directly related to the repetitive pounding forces associated with running.

Other causes of shin splints include stress fracture of the tibia and tendonitis of the muscles that cross the ankle and compartment syndrome.